Crawling And Indexing: How Does Google Search Work

how does google search work

Are you confused about crawling and indexing? To understand these terms, first we have to understand how search engines discover and index pages. A search engine uses web crawlers, bots whose aim is to follow links on the web. These crawlers have a single goal in their mind – to scroll the website. Want to know more about them? Let’s explore crawling and indexing and what the difference between these two is. 

What is Crawling and Indexing?

The terms crawling and indexing refer to a search engine’s capacity to find and catalog web pages. The idea is to use these and incorporate the web pages into its index.

Search engine to access and crawl content on a page and you can call it crawlability.

If a site is crawlable, web crawlers can easily access all of its content by following links between pages.

Broken links or dead ends, on the other hand, may cause crawlability issues – the search engine’s inability to access specific content on a site.

Indexability, on the other hand, refers to the ability of a search engine to analyze and add a page to its index.

Even if Google can crawl a site, it may not be able to index all of its pages due to indexability issues.

Factors that affect the ability of crawling and indexing.

Here we are going to share the five most important factors that affect the crawlability and indexicality of any search engine: 

1. Site Structure

The informational structure of any website is one of the most important aspects for the crawlability.

Web crawlers, for example, may have difficulty accessing pages on your site that aren’t linked to anywhere else.

Naturally, if someone made a reference to those pages in their writing, they could still be reached via external links. A weak structure, on the other hand, may cause crawlability issues.

2. Structure of Internal Links

A web crawler navigates the web by following links, just like any other website. As a result, it can only find pages that you have linked to from other content.

A good internal link structure, on the other hand, will allow it to quickly reach even those pages deep within the structure of your site. However, the bad structure of your website might result in this causing a web crawler to miss some of your content.

3. Redirections in Loops

Broken page redirects would halt a web crawler and cause crawlability issues.

4. Errors on the Server

Broken server redirects and other server-related issues may also prevent web crawlers from accessing all of your content.

5. Unsupported Scripts and Other Technology Factors

Site technology can lead to crawling issues. Gating content behind a form, for example, will result in crawlability issues because crawlers cannot follow forms.

Scripts such as Javascript or Ajax may also prevent web crawlers from accessing content.

Finally, you can deliberately prevent web crawlers from indexing your site’s pages.

There are some strong justifications for doing so.

For example, you may have created a page that you want to keep private. You should also block it from search engines as part of preventing access.

However, it is also possible to accidentally block other pages. A simple coding error, for example, could prevent access to an entire section of the site.

How can a website are made easier to crawl and index?

Some of the elements that might make your site difficult to crawl or index have already been discussed. And so, as a first step, you should ensure that doesn’t happen.

But there are also other things you could do to make sure web crawlers can easily access and index your pages.

1. Submit Sitemap to Google

Send a Sitemap to Google Sitemap is a small file that lives in the root folder of your domain and contains direct links to every page on your site, which it submits to the search engine using the Google Console.

The sitemap will notify Google about your content and any changes you’ve made to it.

2. Strengthen internal connections

We’ve already discussed how interlinking influences crawlability. Improve links between pages to ensure that all content is connected to increase the chances of Google’s crawler finding all of the content on your site.

3. Update and add new content on a regular basis.

Your website’s content should be its primary focus. It helps you draw customers, introduce them to your business, and retain them as clients.

However, content can also help you improve the crawlability of your site. For one thing, web crawlers frequent sites that constantly update their content. This means they’ll crawl and index your page much faster.

4. Do not duplicate any content.

Duplicate content, or pages with the same or very similar content, can cause rankings to drop.

However, duplicate content can reduce the frequency with which crawlers visit your website.

As a result, inspect and resolve any duplicate content issues on the site.

5. Shorten the time it takes for your page to load

Web crawlers typically have a limited amount of time to crawl and index your site. You can refer to it as the crawl budget. And, in essence, they will leave your site once that time has passed.

As a result, the faster your pages load the more of them a crawler can visit before running out of time.

Summing Up:

In this blog, we have discussed crawling and indexing. I hope it helps you with the process of crawling, indexing, and ranking. If you are facing any issues in this process or looking for affordable SEO services, then you can connect with us. We are one of the best SEO agencies that provide you with high-quality SEO services. 

Mehak Alamgir

mehak alamgir is a content marketer and has generated content for a wide range of industries including engineering, seo, word press development, events, technology and IT. In her current stint, she is a tech-buff writing about innovations in technology and its professional impact. Personally, she loves to write on abstract concepts that challenge her imagination

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